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Imaging Characteristics of Computed Radiography Systems
Korean Journal of Medical Physics 2008;19(1):63-72
Published online March 25, 2008
© 2008 Korean Society of Medical Physics.

Jiyoung Jung*, Hye-Suk Park*, Hyo-Min Cho*, Chang-Lae Lee*,Sora Nam, Young-Jin Lee*, Hee-Joung Kim*

*Department of Radiological Science, College of Health Science and ResearchInstitute of Health Science, Yonsei University, Wonju,GE healthcare Korea, Seoul, Korea
Abstract
With recent advancement of the medical imaging systems and picture archiving and communication system (PACS), installation of digital radiography has been accelerated over past few years. Moreover, Computed Radiography (CR) which was well established for the foundation of digital x-ray imaging systems at low cost was widely used for clinical applications. This study analyzes imaging characteristics for two systems with different pixel sizes through the Modulation Transfer Function (MTF), Noise Power Spectrum (NPS) and Detective Quantum Efficiency (DQE). In addition, influence of radiation dose to the imaging characteristics was also measured by quantitative assessment. A standard beam quality RQA5 based on an international electro-technical commission (IEC) standard was used to perform the x-ray imaging studies. For the results, the spatial resolution based on MTF at 10% for Agfa CR system with I.P size of 8X10 inches and 14×17 inches was measured as 3.9 cycles/mm and 2.8 cycles/mm, respectively. The spatial resolution based on MTF at 10% for Fuji CR system with I.P size of 8X10 inches and 14×17 inches was measured as 3.4 cycles/mm and 3.2 cycles/mm, respectively. There was difference in the spatial resolution for 14×17 inches, although radiation dose does not effect to the MTF. The NPS of the Agfa CR system shows similar results for different pixel size between 100 Ռm for 8×10 inch I.P and 150 Ռm for 14×17 inch I.P. For both systems, the results show better NPS for increased radiation dose due to increasing number of photons. DQE of the Agfa CR system for 8X10 inch I.P and 14×17 inch I.P resulted in 11% and 8.8% at 1.5 cycles/mm, respectively. Both systems show that the higher level of radiation dose would lead to the worse DQE efficiency. Measuring DQE for multiple factors of imaging characteristics plays very important role in determining efficiency of equipment and reducing radiation dose for the patients. In conclusion, the results of this study could be used as a baseline to optimize imaging systems and their imaging characteristics by measuring MTF, NPS, and DQE for different level of radiation dose.
Keywords : CR system, MTF, NPS, DQE


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