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Effect of Particulate Matter on Human Health, Prevention, and Imaging Using PET or SPECT
Prog. Med. Phys. 2018;29(3):81-91
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Medical Physics.

Javeria Zaheer*,†, Jongho Jeon‡,§, Seung-Bok LeeΙΙ, Jin Su Kim*,†

*Division of RI Application, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), Radiological and Medico-Oncological Sciences, University of Science and Technology (UST), Seoul, Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), Jeongeup, §Radiation Biotechnology and Applied Radioisotope Science, University of Science and Technology (UST), Daejeon, ΙΙCenter for Environment, Health and Welfare Research, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Jin Su Kim (kjs@kirams.re.kr) Tel: 82-2-970-1661 Fax: 82-2-970-1341
Received September 1, 2018; Revised September 11, 2018; Accepted September 11, 2018.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Particulate matter (PM) in dust causes serious pathological conditions, and it has been considered a critical health issue for many years. Respiratory disorders such as bronchitis, asthma, and chronic inflammation, are the most common illnesses due to PM that appears as dust. There is evidence that cardiovascular and neurological abnormalities are caused by PM. Although an extensive amount of work has been conducted on this topic, including studies on the nature of the particles, particle size measurements, particle distribution upon inhalation, the health effects of fine particles, disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, to this date, there is still a considerable lack of knowledge in these areas. Therefore, the identification of the key components that cause diseases owing to PM, and the specific diagnoses of the diseases, is important. This review will explore the current literature on the origin and nature of PM and their effects on human health. In addition, it will also highlight the approaches that have been adopted in order to diagnose the effects of PM using positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT).
Keywords : Particulate matter, PET, SPECT, Imaging


September 2018, 29 (3)