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Original Article

Korean Journal of Medical Physics 2016; 27(3): 162-168

Published online September 30, 2016

Copyright © Korean Society of Medical Physics.

Secondary Neutron Dose Measurement for Proton Line Scanning Therapy

Chaeyeong Lee*, Sangmin Lee§, Kwangzoo Chung, Youngyih Han, Yong Hyun Chung*, Jin Sung Kim

*Department of Radiological Science, Yonsei University, Wonju, Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, §Program in Biomedical Radiation Sciences, Department of Transdisciplinary Studies, Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Received: September 20, 2016; Revised: September 23, 2016; Accepted: September 24, 2016

Abstract

Proton therapy is increasingly being actively used in the treatment of cancer. In contrast to photons, protons have the potential advantage of delivering higher doses to the cancerous tissue and lower doses to the surrounding normal tissue. However, a range shifter is needed to degrade the beam energy in order to apply the pencil beam scanning technique to tumors located close to the minimum range. The secondary neutrons are produced in the beam path including within the patient's body as a result of nuclear interactions. Therefore, unintended side effects may possibly occur. The research related to the secondary neutrons generated during proton therapy has been presented in a variety of studies worldwide, since 2007. In this study, we measured the magnitude of the secondary neutron dose depending on the location of the detector and the use of a range shifter at the beam nozzle of the proton scanning mode, which was recently installed. In addition, the production of secondary neutrons was measured and estimated as a function of the distance between the isocenter and detector. The neutron dose was measured using WENDI-II (Wide Energy Neutron Detection Instruments) and a Plastic Water phantom; a Zebra dosimeter and 4-cm-thick range shifter were also employed as a phantom. In conclusion, we need to consider the secondary neutron dose at proton scanning facilities to employ the range shifter reasonably and effectively.

KeywordsProton therapy, Range shifter, Secondary neutron

Korean Society of Medical Physics

Vol.35 No.2
June 2024

pISSN 2508-4445
eISSN 2508-4453
Formerly ISSN 1226-5829

Frequency: Quarterly

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