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Original Article

Korean Journal of Medical Physics 2013; 24(3): 162-170

Published online September 30, 2013

Copyright © Korean Society of Medical Physics.

A Low-Dose High-Resolution SPECT System with CdTe for Small-Animal Imaging Applications: A GATE Simulation Study

GATE 시뮬레이션을 통한 고해상도 저선량용 소동물 영상화를 위한 CdTe 검출기 기반의 SPECT 기기 연구

Su-Jin Park, A Ram Yu, Yeseul Kim, Young-Jin Lee, Hee-Joung Kim

박수진ㆍ유아람ㆍ김예슬ㆍ이영진ㆍ김희중

Department of Radiological Science, College of Health Science,Research Institute of Health Science, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea

연세대학교 보건과학대학 방사선학과, 연세대학교 보건과학연구소

Abstract

Dedicated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) systems based on pixelated semiconductors are being developed for studying small animal models of human disease. To clarify the possibility of using a SPECT system with CdTe for a high resolution low-dose small animal imaging, we compared the quality of reconstructed images from pixelated CdTe detector to those from a small SPECT system with NaI(Tl). The CdTe detector was 44.8×44.8 mm and the pixels were 0.35×0.35×5 mm. The intrinsic resolution of the detector was 0.35 mm, which is equal to the pixel size. GATE simulations were performed to assess the image quality of both SPECT systems. The spatial resolutions and sensitivities for both systems were evaluated using a 10 MBq 99mTc point source. The quantitative comparison with different injected dose was performed using a voxelized MOBY phantom, and the absorbed doses for each organ were evaluated. The spatial resolution of the SPECT with NaI(Tl) was about 1.54 mm FWHM, while that of the SPECT with a CdTe detector was about 1.32 mm FWHM at 30 mm. The sensitivity of NaI(Tl) based SPECT was 83 cps/MBq, while that of the CdTe detector based SPECT was 116 cps/MBq at 30 mm. The image statistics were evaluated by calculating the CNR of the image from both systems. When the injected activity for the striatum in the mouse brain was 160 Bq/voxel, the CNR of CdTe based SPECT was 2.30 while that of NaI(Tl) based SPECT was 1.85. The CNR of SPECT with CdTe was overall higher than that of the NaI(Tl) based SPECT. In addition, the absorbed dose was higher from SPECT with CdTe than those from NaI(Tl) based SPECT to acquire the same quantitative values. Our simulation results indicated that the SPECT with CdTe detector showed overall high performance compared to the SPECT with NaI(Tl). Even though the validation study is needed, the SPECT system with CdTe detector appeared to be feasible for high resolution low-dose small animal imaging.

KeywordsSPECT (Single photon emission computed tomography), CdTe, High-Resolution, Low-Dose, Small-Animal imaging

Korean Society of Medical Physics

Vol.35 No.2
June 2024

pISSN 2508-4445
eISSN 2508-4453
Formerly ISSN 1226-5829

Frequency: Quarterly

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