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Original Article

Korean Journal of Medical Physics 2015; 26(4): 208-214

Published online December 30, 2015

Copyright © Korean Society of Medical Physics.

Effect of Low Magnetic Field on Dose Distribution in the Partial-Breast Irradiation

*Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, §Center for Convergence Research on Robotics, Advanced Institutes of Convergence Technology, Suwon, Interdisciplinary Program in Radiation Applied Life Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Jung-in Kim*†‡§, So-Yeon Park*†‡║, Yang Hoon Lee*, Kyung Hwan Shin*†‡¶, Hong-Gyun Wu*†‡¶, Jong Min Park*†‡§

Received: December 8, 2015; Revised: December 17, 2015; Accepted: December 18, 2015

Abstract

he aim of this study is to investigate the effect of low magnetic field on dose distribution in the partial-breast irradiation (PBI). Eleven patients with an invasive early-stage breast carcinoma were treated prospectively with PBI using 38.5 Gy delivered in 10 fractions using the ViewRay system. For each of the treatment plans, dose distribution was calculated with magnetic field and without magnetic field, and the difference between dose and volume for each organ were evaluated. For planning target volume (PTV), the analysis included the point minimum (Dmin), maximum, mean dose (Dmean) and volume receiving at least 90% (V90%), 95% (V95%) and 107% (V107%) of the prescribed dose, respectively. For organs at risk (OARs), the ipsilateral lung was analyzed with Dmean and the volume receiving 20 Gy (V20 Gy), and the contralateral lung was analyzed with only Dmean. The heart was analyzed with Dmean, Dmax, and V20 Gy, and both inner and outer shells were analyzed with the point Dmin, Dmax and Dmean, respectively. For PTV, the effect of low magnetic field on dose distribution showed a difference of up to 2% for volume change and 4 Gy for dose. In OARs analysis, the significant effect of the magnetic field was not observed. Despite small deviation values, the average difference of mean dose values showed significant difference (p<0.001), but there was no difference of point minimum dose values in both sehll structures. The largest deviation for the average difference of Dmax in the outer shell structure was 5.0±10.5 Gy (p=0.148). The effect of low magnetic field of 0.35 T on dose deposition by a Co‐60 beam was not significantly observed within the body for PBI IMRT plans. The dose deposition was only appreciable outside the body, where a dose build‐up due to contaminated electrons generated in the treatment head and scattered electrons formed near the body surface.

KeywordsLow magnetic field, Dose distribution, Partial breast irradiation, MRI-guided radiation therapy system, IMRT

Korean Society of Medical Physics

Vol.35 No.2
June 2024

pISSN 2508-4445
eISSN 2508-4453
Formerly ISSN 1226-5829

Frequency: Quarterly

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