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Original Article

Korean Journal of Medical Physics 2016; 27(2): 79-85

Published online June 30, 2016

Copyright © Korean Society of Medical Physics.

The Dose Attenuation according to the Gantry Angle and the Photon Energy Using the Standard Exact Couch and the 6D Robotic Couch

Tae Hyeong Kim*, Se An Oh, Ji Woon Yea, Jae Won Park, Sung Kyu Kim

*Department of Physics, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Department of Radiation Oncology, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea

Received: May 27, 2016; Revised: June 15, 2016; Accepted: June 17, 2016

Abstract

The objective of this study is to increase the accuracy of dose transmission in radiation therapy using two types of treatment tables, standard exact couch (Varian 21EX, Varian Medical Systems, Milpitas, CA) and 6D robotic couch (Novalis, BrainLAB A.G., Heimstetten, Germany)). We examined the dose attenuation based on the two types of treatment tables and studied the dose of attenuation using the phase (In/Out) for the standard exact couch. We measured the relative dose according to the incident angle of a penetrative photon beam under a treatment table. The incident angle of the photon beam was from 0o to 360o in the increments of 5o. The reference angle was set to 0o. Furthermore, the relative dose of the 6D robotic couch was measured using 6 MV and 15 MV, and that of the standard exact couch was measured at the sliding rail position (In-Out) using 6 MV and 10 MV. In the case of the standard exact couch, the measured relative dose was 16.53% (rails at the “In position,” 175o, 6 MV), 12.42% (rails at the “In position,” 175o, 10 MV), 13.13% (rails at the “Out position,” 175o, 6 MV), and 9.96% (rails at the “Out position,” 175o, 10 MV). In the case of the 6D robotic couch, the measured relative dose was 6.82% (130o, 6 MV) and 4.92% (130o, 15 MV). The photon energies were surveyed at the same incident angle. The dose attenuation for an energy of 10 MV was 4∼5% lower than that for 6 MV. This indicated that the higher photon energy, lesser is the attenuation. The results of this study indicated that the attenuation rate for the 6D robotic couch was confirmed to be 1% larger than that for the standard exact couch at 6 MV and 180o. In the case of the standard exact couch, the dose attenuation was found to change rapidly in accordance with the phase (“In position” and “Out position”) of the sliding rail.

KeywordsTreatment couch, Status, Dose, Incident angle, Attenuation rate

Korean Society of Medical Physics

Vol.34 No.4
December 2023

pISSN 2508-4445
eISSN 2508-4453
Formerly ISSN 1226-5829

Frequency: Quarterly

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